Vanguard VIF International Portfolio
The Portfolio seeks to provide long-term capital appreciation.
The Portfolio invests predominantly in the stocks of companies located outside the United States and is expected to diversify its assets in countries across developed and emerging markets. In selecting stocks, the Portfolio’s advisors evaluate foreign markets around the world and choose large-, mid-, and small-capitalization companies considered to have above-average growth potential. The Portfolio uses multiple investment advisors. Each advisor independently selects and maintains a portfolio of common stocks for the Portfolio.
The Fund's investments are subject to the following principal risks:
Equity Risk — The value of the equity securities in which the Fund invests may decline in response to developments affecting individual companies and/or general economic conditions. A company's earnings or dividends may not increase as expected. Price changes may be temporary or last for extended periods.
Small Capitalization Stock Risk — Small-sized companies may be subject to a number of risks not associated with larger, more established companies, potentially making their stock prices more volatile and increasing the risk of loss. Smaller companies may have limited markets, product lines, or financial resources and lack management experience and may experience higher failure rates than larger companies.
Foreign Securities Risk —Foreign securities (including depositary receipts) are subject to political, regulatory, and economic risks not present in domestic investments. Foreign securities could be affected by factors not present in the U.S., including expropriation, confiscation of property, and difficulties in enforcing contracts. Compared to U.S. companies, there generally is less publicly available information about foreign companies and there may be less governmental regulation and supervision of foreign companies. Foreign securities generally experience more volatility than their domestic counterparts. In addition, to the extent investments are made in a limited number of countries, events in those countries will have a more significant impact on the Fund. Fluctuations in the exchange rates between the U.S. dollar and foreign currencies, currency exchange control regulations, and restrictions or prohibitions on the repatriation of foreign currencies may negatively affect an investment.
Sector Risk — To the extent the Fund focuses in one or more sectors, such as the information technology sector, market or economic factors impacting those sectors could have a significant effect on the value of the Fund's investments and could make the Fund's performance more volatile. For example, the values of companies in the information technology sector are particularly vulnerable to economic downturns, short product cycles and aggressive pricing, market competition and changes in government regulation.
Stock Market Risk —Overall stock market risks may affect the value of the Fund. Factors such as domestic and international economic growth and market conditions, interest rate levels and political events affect
Liquidity risk —Lack of a ready market or restrictions on resale may limit the ability of the Fund to dispose of certain holdings quickly or at prices that represent true market value in the judgment of the Adviser. In addition, the Fund, by itself or together with other accounts managed by the Adviser, may hold a position in a security that is large relative to the typical trading volume for that security, which can make it difficult for the Fund to dispose of the position at an advantageous time or price. Illiquid securities and relatively less liquid securities may also be difficult to value. Liquidity risk may also refer to the risk that the Fund may not be able to pay redemption proceeds within the allowable time period because of unusual market conditions, unusually high volume of redemptions, or other reasons. To meet redemption requests or to raise cash to pursue other investment opportunities, the Fund may be forced to sell securities at an unfavorable time and/or under unfavorable conditions, which may adversely affect the Fund.
Investment Style Risk — Different types of investment styles, for example growth or value, tend to perform differently and shift into and out of favor with investors depending on changes in market and economic sentiment and conditions. As a result, the Fund's performance may at times be worse than the performance of other mutual funds that invest more broadly or that have different investment styles.
Management Risk — The risk that the securities selected by a series' management will underperform the markets, the relevant indices, or the securities selected by other funds with similar investment objectives and investment strategies. The securities and sectors selected may vary from the securities and sectors included in the relevant index.
The portfolio manager may not execute the Fund's principal investment strategy effectively. You may lose money by investing in the Fund. There is no guarantee that the Fund will achieve its objective. An investment in the Fund is not a bank deposit and is not insured or guaranteed by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) or any other government agency. By itself, the Fund does not constitute a complete investment plan and should be considered a long-term investment for investors who can afford to weather changes in the value of their investment.
|Year to Date||3.93%|
|Prior 3 Months||7.16%|
|Prior 1 Year||17.48%|
|Prior 3 Years||12.99%|
|Prior 5 Years||8.80%|
|Prior 10 Years||7.76%|
The performance data shown represent past performance, which is not a guarantee of future results. Investment returns and unit values will fluctuate so that units, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost. Investment Fund total return performance currently may be lower or higher than the figures stated above.
The total return performance data are based on a hypothetical investment of $1,000, which is redeemed at the end of the periods shown. The total return figures reflect the reinvestment of investment income and capital gains and losses, and are net of expenses which include a contract fee, an expense risk fee, administrative charges, a distribution expense charge and Underlying Funds fees and expenses.
The total return figures for periods extending beyond a year are average rates of return and do not reflect the Funds' actual year-to-year results, which varied over the periods shown. Contributions or withdrawals made within a period would experience different rates of return based on the unit values on the dates of such transactions.
Portfolio Turnover Rate(%): 16%**Excludes all short-term securities.
|Industry||% of Portfolio|
|Region||% of Portfolio|
|Company||% of Portfolio|
|ASML Holding NV||5.4%|
|Alibaba Group holding Ltd.||4.9%|
|Tencent Holdings Ltd.||4.8%|
|AIA Group Ltd.||3.1%|
|Industria de Diseno Textil SA||1.9%|
James K. Anderson, Partner of Baillie Gifford & Co., which is the 100% owner of Baillie Gifford, and Head of Global Equities. He has managed assets with Baillie Gifford since 1985 and has managed a portion of the Portfolio since 2003 (co-managed since 2013). Education: B.A., University College, Oxford; Diploma, Bologna Center of Johns Hopkins University; M.A., Carleton Ottawa University. Thomas Coutts, Partner of Baillie Gifford & Co., which is the 100% owner of Baillie Gifford, and Chief of Investment Staff. He has worked in investment management with Baillie Gifford since 1999, has managed investment portfolios since 2001, and has co-managed a portion of the Portfolio since 2016. Education: B.A., Trinity College, Oxford. Simon Webber, CFA, Portfolio Manager at Schroders. He has worked in investment management since 1999, has managed assets for Schroders since 2001, and has managed a portion of the Portfolio since 2009. Education: B.Sc. from the University of Manchester.